How to test React component wrapped in withRouter HOC

withRouter is a handy high-order component from react-router package which gives you access to match and history props which you can use for performing navigation inside your React application. If you want to test React components wrapped in withRouter you'll need the following.

Let's say you have some component:

// PollDetails.js
import React, { Fragment } from 'react'
import { withRouter } from 'react-router'
import { Link } from 'react-router-dom'

const PollDetails = ({ match, history }) => {
  return (
    <Fragment>
      <header>Question Detail</header>
      <div>No question found</div>
      <Link to={`/`}>
        <button>Go back</button>
      </Link>
    </Fragment>
  )
}

export default withRouter(PollDetails)

Trying to render withRouter component with the enzyme mount will result in an error

// PollDetails.spec.js
import React from 'react'
import { mount } from 'enzyme'

import PollDetails from './PollDetails'

let component

beforeEach(() => {
  component = mount(<PollDetails />)
})

it('should render page heading.', () => {
  expect(component.text()).toContain('Question Detail')
})

it('should render "no question found" message if question is not present.', () => {
  expect(component.text()).toContain('No question found')
})

will lead to Invariant and a very common error that you might see working withRouter HOC

Invariant failed: You should not use <withRouter(PollDetails) /> outside a <Router>
Screen Shot 2019-07-25 at 18 32 34

Using shallow rendering

// PollDetails.spec.js
import React from 'react'
import { shallow } from 'enzyme'

import PollDetails from './PollDetails'

let component

beforeEach(() => {
  component = shallow(<PollDetails />)
})

it('should render page heading.', () => {
  expect(component.text()).toContain('Question Detail')
})

it('should render "no question found" message if question is not present.', () => {
  expect(component.text()).toContain('No question found')
})

The error would to away but you asserting against the wrong component and all the assertions will fail:

Screen Shot 2019-07-25 at 18 33 10

Fixing the error by accessing WrappedComponent

By using PollDetails.WrappedComponent we skip our withRouter HOC and access directly component that we want to be rendered so that we can run our assertions on it.

// PollDetails.spec.js
import React from 'react'
import { shallow } from 'enzyme'

import PollDetails from './PollDetails'

let component

beforeEach(() => {
  component = shallow(<PollDetails.WrappedComponent />)
})

it('should render page heading.', () => {
  expect(component.text()).toContain('Question Detail')
})

it('should render "no question found" message if question is not present.', () => {
  expect(component.text()).toContain('No question found')
})
Screen Shot 2019-07-25 at 18 30 58

Enzyme full component rendering using mount with MemoryRouter

What if you still want to use full rendering with enzyme mount?

You still can do that by wrapping your component in <MemoryRouter></MemoryRouter.

// PollDetails.spec.js
import React from 'react'
import { mount } from 'enzyme'
import { MemoryRouter } from 'react-router-dom'

import PollDetails from './PollDetails'

let component

beforeEach(() => {
  component = mount(
    <MemoryRouter>
      <PollDetails />
    </MemoryRouter>
  )
})

it('should render page heading.', () => {
  expect(component.text()).toContain('Question Detail')
})

it('should render "no question found" message if question is not present.', () => {
  expect(component.text()).toContain('No question found')
})